SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended February 28, 2021
☐ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission File No. 333-132456
|Byrna Technologies Inc.|
|(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)|
|(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or||(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
|100 Burtt Road, Suite 115|
|Andover, MA 01810|
|(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including zip code)|
|(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)|
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☐ No ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
☐ Large accelerated filer ☐ Accelerated filer ☒ Non-accelerated filer ☒ Smaller reporting company ☐Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act): Yes ☐ No ☒
As of April 9, 2021, the Company had 150,709,325 issued and outstanding shares of common stock.
Byrna Technologies Inc. is a voluntary filer under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and is therefore not subject to, or required to file reports pursuant to, Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION|
|Item 1.||Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements|
|Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 28, 2021 (unaudited) and November 30, 2020||3|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss for the Three Months Ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020 (unaudited)||4|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020 (unaudited)||5|
|Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit) for the Three Months Ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020 (unaudited)||7|
|Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements||8|
|Item 2.||Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations||21|
|Item 3.||Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk||24|
|Item 4.||Control and Procedures||24|
|PART II – OTHER INFORMATION||24|
|Item 1.||Legal Proceedings||24|
|Item 1A.||Risk Factors||24|
|Item 2.||Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds||25|
|Item 3.||Defaults Upon Senior Securities||25|
|Item 4.||Mine Safety Disclosures||25|
|Item 5.||Other Information||25|
References in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q to the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our” refer to Byrna Technologies Inc.
PART 1 – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
|ITEM 1.||Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements|
BYRNA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
|February 28,||November 30,|
|Accounts receivable, net||321||834|
|Net investment in sales-type lease, current||39||—|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||845||1,391|
|Total current assets||12,919||16,606|
|Patent rights, net||795||811|
|Deposits for equipment||619||619|
|Right-of-use asset, net||1,268||1,200|
|Net investment in sales-type lease, non-current||67||—|
|Property and equipment, net||1,044||1,220|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||$||5,989||$||6,629|
|Operating lease liabilities, current||212||257|
|Notes payable, current||—||76|
|Total current liabilities||7,529||11,864|
|Notes payable, non-current||—||115|
|Operating lease liabilities, noncurrent||952||828|
|COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 21)|
|STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)|
|Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued||—||—|
|Series A Preferred Stock, 1,500 shares designated, 1,391 and 0 shares issued and outstanding, respectively||—||—|
|Common stock, $0.001 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 149,201,088 and 148,520,227 shares issued and outstanding, respectively||149||148|
|Additional paid-in capital||59,296||58,448|
|Shares to be issued||—||—|
|Treasury stock, at cost, 0 and 3,699,999 shares, respectively||—||—|
|Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)||86||28|
|Total Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)||9,044||8,409|
|TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)||$||17,525||$||21,216|
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
BYRNA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(Amounts in thousands except share and per share data)
|For the Three Months Ended|
|February 28,||February 29,|
|Cost of goods sold||4,153||(178||)|
|Gross profit (loss)||4,740||(29||)|
|LOSS FROM OPERATIONS||(411||)||(1,623||)|
|OTHER EXPENSE (INCOME)|
|Foreign currency transaction loss||22||4|
|Accretion of debt discounts||—||498|
|Other income – forgiveness of Paycheck Protection Program loan||(190||)||—|
|Other financing costs||2||—|
|LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES||(272||)||(2,284||)|
|Income tax provision||—||—|
|Foreign exchange translation gain (loss) for the period||58||(37||)|
|Net loss per share – basic and diluted||$||(0.00||)||$||(0.02||)|
|Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period||148,867,206||104,659,194|
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
BYRNA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Amounts in thousands)
|For the Three Months Ended|
|February 28, 2021||February 29, 2020|
|CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES|
|Net loss for the period||$||(272||)||$||(2,284||)|
|Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:|
|Stock-based compensation expense||693||637|
|Forgiveness of Paycheck Protection Program loan||(190||)||—|
|Accretion of debt discounts||—||498|
|Write-down of inventory||64||1|
|Issuance of common shares for services||—||119|
|Depreciation and amortization||72||22|
|Amortization of patent rights||16||16|
|Selling loss on sales-type lease||33|
|Operating lease costs||24||—|
|Changes in assets and liabilities:|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||621||(25||)|
|Net investment in sales-type lease||(6||)||—|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||(1,094||)||224|
|Operating lease liabilities||(20||)||—|
|NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES||(5,655||)||(701||)|
|CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES|
|Deposits for and purchases of property and equipment||(25||)||(44||)|
|NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES||(25||)||(44||)|
|CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES|
|Proceeds from warrant exercise||134||—|
|Proceeds from stock option exercises||22||—|
|Payment of debt issuance costs||(54||)||—|
|NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES||102||—|
|Effects of foreign currency exchange rate changes||143||(37||)|
|NET DECREASE IN CASH AND RESTRICTED CASH FOR THE PERIOD||(5,435||)||(782||)|
|CASH AND RESTRICTED CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD||9,656||1,174|
|CASH AND RESTRICTED CASH, END OF PERIOD||$||4,221||$||392|
|SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:|
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF NON-CASH OPERATING, INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020
FinTekk AP, LLC (“FinTekk”) returned 3,699,999 shares associated with the Treasury Stock Receivable recorded in fiscal 2019, which were subsequently retired in January 2020.
On January 6, 2020, the Company issued 3,866,810 shares of common stock with a value of $0.7 million in exchange for Patent Rights.
In January 2020, the Company issued 498,418 warrants to all noteholders as payment in kind to satisfy $0.1 million of accrued interest.
The Company entered into an operating lease during the three months ended February 28, 2021 resulting in $0.1 million of right-of-use asset and corresponding operating lease liability.
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
BYRNA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)
(Amounts in thousands except share numbers)
|Series A Preferred Stock||Common Stock||Shares to be Issued||Treasury Stock||Additional Paid-in Capital||Accumulated|
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
|Balance, November 30, 2020||1,391||$||—||148,520,227||$||148||$||—||—||$||58,448||$||(50,215||)||$||28||$||8,409|
|Issuance of common stock pursuant to exercise of stock options||—||—||146,667||—||—||—||22||—||—||22|
|Foreign currency translation||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||58||58|
|Balance, February 28, 2021||1,391||$||—||149,201,088||$||149||$||—||—||$||59,296||$||(50,487||)||$||86||$||9,044|
|Series A Preferred Stock||Common Stock||Shares to be Issued||Treasury Stock||Additional Paid-in Capital||Accumulated|
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
|Balance, November 30, 2019||—||$||—||104,021,836||$||104||$||20||$||(888||)||$||36,480||$||(37,662||)||$||(38||)||$||(1,984||)|
|Issuance of common stock for services||—||—||625,000||1||—||—||118||—||—||119|
|Issuance of common stock for intellectual property||—||—||3,866,810||4||—||—||693||—||—||697|
|Issuance of warrants||—||—||—||—||—||—||125||—||—||125|
|Cancellation of shares||—||—||(3,699,999||)||(4||)||—||888||(884||)||—||—||—|
|Foreign currency translation||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||(37||)||(37||)|
|Balance, February 29, 2020||—||$||—||104,813,647||$||105||$||20||$||—||$||37,169||$||(39,946||)||$||(75||)||$||(2,727||)|
See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
BYRNA TECHNOLOGIES INC.
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
For the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020
|1.||NATURE OF OPERATIONS|
The Company was incorporated under the laws of the state of Delaware on March 1, 2005. On February 3, 2014, the Company incorporated a wholly-owned subsidiary in Canada, Security Devices International Canada Corp. (“SDI Canada”). SDI Canada was dissolved on December 19, 2019. On March 1, 2018, the Company acquired all the shares of a company in South Africa, Byrna South Africa (Pty) Ltd. (“Byrna South Africa”). On May 5, 2020, the Company acquired all the outstanding shares of Roboro Industries (“Roboro”), at that time, its exclusive manufacturer in South Africa.
Byrna Technologies Inc. (the “Company” or “Byrna”) is a less-lethal defense technology company, specializing in next generation solutions for security situations that do not require the use of lethal force. The Company’s primary product is its .68 caliber handheld personal security device called the Byrna® HD and Byrna® HD magazines and projectiles. The Company manufactured its Byrna HD launchers and magazines at its South African subsidiary, Roboro until May 2020 when those operations were assumed by Byrna South Africa. On October 6, 2020, the Company opened a second manufacturing facility in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The Company has implemented manufacturing partnerships in the United States and South Africa, to assist in the deployment of its patented family of 40mm ammunition and its .68 caliber ammunition. The Company’s 40mm products are its Blunt Impact Projectile 40mm (“BIP®”) line of products.
|2.||OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT PLANS|
From inception to February 28, 2021, the Company had incurred a cumulative loss of $50.5 million. The Company had funded operations through the issuance of common stock, warrants, and convertible notes payable. The Company generated $8.9 million in revenue during the three months ended February 28, 2021 but continues to incur a loss from operations. It still is expected to incur significant losses before the Company’s revenues sustain its operations. The Company’s future success is dependent upon its ability to generate adequate revenue or raise sufficient capital, to cover its ongoing operating expenses, and also to continue to develop and be able to profitably market its products.
The rapid growth of revenues and development of the production capacity to support them have substantially improved the Company’s operations and financial condition. Nevertheless, sales decreased by $2.1 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021, as compared to the previous quarter ended November 30, 2021, and cash and restricted cash has decreased by $5.4 million as of February 28, 2021 as compared to November 30, 2020. The decrease in cash was due to a planned increase in inventory as well as successful efforts to reduce the sales order backlog.
Once the order backlog is eliminated, cash generation through sales will be limited to the rate of incoming sales orders. Though growth in the rate of new sales orders is expected to continue, cash flow from operations is expected to be flat for the next several months. During this period, some loan financing may be needed to sustain adequate levels of liquidity.
On January 19, 2021, the Company entered into a $5.0 million revolving line of credit, secured by the Company’s accounts receivable and inventory and another $1.5 million line of credit, secured by the Company’s equipment, with a bank. See Note 15, “Lines of Credit” for additional information. Management projects that all cash needs will be met beyond one year from the time these financial statements are issued.
|3.||BASIS OF PRESENTATION|
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and therefore do not include all information and footnotes necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”); however, such information reflects all adjustments consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments, which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods. Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform with the presentation of amounts for the three months ended February 29, 2020.
The unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto together with management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations contained in Byrna Technologies Inc.’s (“Byrna” or the “Company”) annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended November 30, 2020. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, the results of its operations for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, and its cash flows for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020. The results of operations for the three months ended February 28, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the full year.
|4.||USE OF ESTIMATES|
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty. Therefore, the determination of estimates requires the exercise of judgment. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and any such differences may be material to our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. Significant estimates include assumptions about collection of accounts receivable and the reserve for doubtful accounts, stock-based compensation expense, fair value of equity instruments, valuation for deferred tax assets, incremental borrowing rate on leases, valuation and carrying value of goodwill and other identifiable intangible assets, estimates for warranty costs, and useful life of fixed assets.
|5.||RECENT ACCOUNTING GUIDANCE|
Recently Adopted Accounting Guidance
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820) (“ASU 2018-13”). The guidance improves the effectiveness of disclosures about fair value measurements required under ASC 820. ASU 2018-13 amends the disclosure requirements for recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements by removing, modifying, and adding certain disclosures. The Company adopted ASU 2018-13 in the first quarter of fiscal 2021. The adoption of ASC 2018-13 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and notes.
In June 2018, the FASB issue ASU 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”). FASB issued the update to include share-based payment transaction for acquiring goods or services from nonemployees in Topic 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. The Company adopted ASU 2018-07 in the first quarter of fiscal 2020 prospectively, which has not had a material impact on its financial statements for share-based payments issued to nonemployees during fiscal 2020.
In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic: 260), Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (Topic: 480), Derivatives and Hedges (Topic 815). The FASB issued the update to simplify the accounting for certain financial instruments with down round features. The Company adopted ASU 2017-11 in the first quarter of fiscal 2020. Currently, the Company does not have financial instruments with down round features but will apply this update prospectively.
Accounting Guidance Issued But Not Adopted
In 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The guidance simplifies the accounting for income taxes by primarily addressing the following: recognition of a deferred tax liability after transition to/from the equity method, evaluation when a step-up in the tax basis of goodwill should be related to a business combination or when it should be considered a separate transaction, inclusion of the amount of tax based on income in the income tax provision and any incremental amount as a tax not based on income, and recognition of the effect of an enacted change in tax laws or annual effective tax rates in the period the change was enacted, The guidance is effective for the Company in the first quarter of 2022. Early adoption is permitted. Several of the amendments in the update are required to be adopted using a prospective approach, while other amendments are required to be adopted using a modified-retrospective approach or retrospective approach. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this update on the consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”). The FASB issued the update to simplify the measurement of goodwill by eliminating step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. ASU 2017-04 will be effective for the Company so long as it remains a smaller reporting company in the first quarter of 2024. Early adoption is permitted. The Company will apply this update upon adoption.
In 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“ASU 2016-13”). The guidance changes the impairment model used to measure credit losses for most financial assets. A new forward-looking expected credit loss model will replace the existing incurred credit loss model and will impact the Company’s accounts and other receivables. This is expected to generally result in earlier recognition of allowances for credit losses. ASU 2016-13 will be effective for the Company in December 2023 as long as it remains a smaller reporting company. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this update on the consolidated financial statements.
On May 5, 2020, the Company acquired 100% of the equity interests in Roboro, its exclusive manufacturer in South Africa, in order to reduce its dependence on third parties for production. As a result of this acquisition, the Company now directly operates its sole manufacturer in South Africa.
The acquisition date fair value of the consideration was $0.6 million, including $0.5 paid in cash. In addition, Roboro’s sellers purchased 1,388,889 shares of the Company’s common stock for $0.5 million at a contractual price of $0.36 per share. These shares, which were issued on May 27, 2020, are restricted and subject to a 15-month vesting schedule. The fair market value of the common stock of $0.6 million was based on the stock’s closing price of $0.40 on May 5, 2020. The difference between the fair market value plus approximately $2,000 of transaction costs and the amount paid, was treated as an additional consideration for the acquisition.
The estimated fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed on May 5, 2020 is as follows:
|Property and equipment||$||67|
|Right-of-use asset, net||54|
|Operating lease liability, current||(35||)|
|Operating lease liability, noncurrent||(19||)|
|Other net asset (liabilities)||(38||)|
The Company’s restricted cash - current was $2.2 million and $6.4 million at February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, respectively. This amount is due to holds placed on its use by the Company’s merchant services vendor pending fulfillment of backorders prepaid by credit cards or PayPal. The Company’s long-term restricted cash of $0.1 million at February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, consists of cash that the Company is contractually obligated to maintain in accordance with the terms of its lease agreement.
|8.||REVENUE, DEFERRED REVENUE AND ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE|
The Company generates revenue through the wholesale distribution of its products and accessories to dealers/distributors, large end-users such as security companies and law enforcement agencies, and through an e-commerce portal to consumers. Revenue is recognized upon transfer of control of goods to the customer, which generally occurs when title to goods is passed and risk of loss transfers to the customer. Depending on the contract terms, transfer of control is upon shipment of goods to or upon the customer’s pick-up of the goods. Payment terms to customers other than e-commerce customers are generally 30-60 days for established customers, whereas new wholesale and large end-user customers have prepaid terms for their first order. The amount of revenue recognized is net of returns and discounts that the Company offers to its customers. Products purchased include a standard warranty that cannot be purchased separately. This allows customers to return defective products for repair or replacement within one year of sale. The Company also sells an extended warranty for the same terms over three years. The extended 3-year warranty can be purchased separately from the product and therefore, must be classified as a service warranty. Since a warranty for the first year after sale is included and non-separable from all launcher purchases, the Company considers this extended warranty to represent a service obligation during the second and third years after sale. Therefore, the Company accumulates billings of these transactions on the balance sheet as deferred revenue, to be recognized on a straight-line basis during the second and third year after sale. The Company recognizes an estimated reserve based on its analysis of historical experience, and an evaluation of current market conditions. The Company’s returns under warranties have been immaterial. In February 2021, the Company identified certain Byrna® HD launchers that may contain a wire that is not to specification and is offering customers a free factory service update for their launchers. The Company accrued a $0.2 million reserve for the possible costs related to updating affected launchers, which is included in other accrued liabilities in Note 13, “Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities.”
The Company also has a 60-day money back guarantee, which allows for a full refund of the purchase price, excluding shipping charges, within 60 days from the date of delivery. The right of return creates a variable component to the transaction price and needs to be considered for any possible constraints. The Company estimates returns using the expected value method, as there will likely be a range of potential return amounts. The Company’s returns under the 60-day money back guarantee have been immaterial.
The Company excludes from revenue taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities related to sales of the Company’s products. Shipping and handling costs that occur after control of goods has been transferred to the customer and that are not billed to the customer are accounted for as fulfillment costs and are included in “Cost of goods sold” in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
Costs to obtain a contract consist of commissions paid to employees and are included in operating expenses in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. Commissions were $0.3 million and $0 for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
Included as cost of goods sold are costs associated with the production and procurement of products, such as labor and overhead, inbound freight costs, manufacturing depreciation, purchasing and receiving costs, and inspection costs.
The Company charges certain customers shipping and handling fees. Shipping and handling costs, which includes outbound freight, associated with the distribution of finished products to customers are recognized when the product is shipped to the customer and are included in Operating expenses in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss. Shipping and handling costs were $0.7 million and approximately $0.02 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company provides an allowance for its accounts receivable for estimated losses that may result from its customers’ inability to pay. The Company determines the amount of the allowance by analyzing known uncollectible accounts, aged receivables, economic conditions, historical losses, and changes in customer payment cycles and its customers’ creditworthiness. Amounts later determined and specifically identified to be uncollectible are charged or written off against this allowance. A significant proportion of the Company’s sales are made via e-commerce. These orders are prepaid by credit card and involve no credit risk. To minimize the likelihood of uncollectible debt, the Company reviews its customers’ creditworthiness periodically. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of expense for any period if the Company were to make different judgments or utilize different estimates. The allowance for doubtful accounts was approximately $0.01 million for February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020.
Changes in deferred revenue, which relate to unfulfilled e-commerce orders and amounts to be recognized under extended 3-year service warranties, for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, are summarized below (in thousands).
|Three Months Ended|
|February 28, 2021||November 30, 2020|
|Deferred revenue balance, beginning of period||$||4,902||$||11|
|Net additions to deferred revenue during the period||4,508||18,826|
|Reductions in deferred revenue for revenue recognized during the period||(8,082||)||(13,935||)|
|Deferred revenue balance, end of period||$||1,328||$||4,902|
The following table presents disaggregation of the Company’s revenue by product type and distribution channel (in thousands):
Three Months Ended
|Product type||February 28, 2021||February 29, 2020|
|Three Months Ended|
|Distribution channel||February 28, 2021||February 29, 2020|
|Wholesale (dealer/distributors and large end-users)||$||1,669||$||(66||)|
|9.||PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT|
|Property and equipment are recorded at cost and reflected net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets, primarily three to seven years for computer hardware and software, furniture and fixtures, and machinery and equipment. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the useful lives of three to seven years or lease terms. The following table summarizes cost and accumulated depreciation as of February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, respectively (in thousands).|
|Computer equipment and software||$||226||$||204|
|Furniture and fixtures||105||105|
|Less: accumulated depreciation||622||557|
The Company recognized approximately $0.1 million and $0.02 million in depreciation expense during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
At February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, the Company had deposits of $0.6 million, with vendors primarily for supply of molds and equipment where the vendors have not completed the supply of these assets.
During the three months ended February 28, 2021, the Company transferred equipment with a net book value of $0.1 million to a lessee under a sales-type lease. See Note 20, “Leases” for additional information.
|The following table summarizes inventory as of February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, respectively (in thousands).|
|Work in process||314||302|
|Inventory at February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, primarily relates to the Byrna® HD Personal Security Device.|
|11.||PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS|
The following table summarizes prepaid expenses and other current assets as of February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, respectively (in thousands).
|Advance payment for inventory||295||677|
On April 13, 2018, the Company entered into a purchase and sale agreement with Buys, its Chief Technology Officer, pursuant to which the Company agreed to purchase the Buys Portfolio, provisional patent rights, and other intellectual property relating to air and/or gas fired long guns or pistols, including pump action launchers and munitions used with such pistols and long guns, including self-stabilizing shaped or “finned” rounds. As consideration for the Buys Portfolio, the Company paid Buys $100,000, and incurred $10,000 in legal costs to transfer these patent rights. This consideration of $110,000 was capitalized and represents the minimum rights to a license arrangement as patent rights as the Agreement included an option for full acquisition of the rights, conditional upon certain future events taking place. The Company also agreed to pay Buys either $500,000 in cash or $750,000 worth of Company stock within two years at Buys’ discretion, if the Company elected to retain certain patents within the Buys Portfolio, which terms were changed by subsequent amendment. Pursuant to an amendment of the Agreement effective December 18, 2019, the Company made two additional payments to Buys totaling of $776,799, consisting of the Second Payment of $696,799 through the issuance of 3,866,810 shares of common stock and Final Payment of $80,000 in cash. The Final Payment was paid during the quarter ended May 31, 2020. Buys no longer retains any reversion rights or security interests in the Buys Portfolio. These patent rights have a maximum life of 20 years, expiring on various dates beginning from November 2033 to 2038, and are amortized on a straight-line basis over a period of 15 years. The Company amortized $16,219 of patent rights during both three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020. The Company did not recognize any impairment losses during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
|13.||ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND ACCRUED LIABILITIES|
The Company’s accounts payable and accrued liabilities consist of the following (in thousands):
|February 28, 2021||November 30, 2020|
|Accrued sales and use tax||943||1,050|
|Accrued professional fees||204||217|
|Other accrued liabilities||390||340|
The Company received $0.2 million of funding under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”) on May 4, 2020. The PPP loan was disbursed by the Coronavirus Aid Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act as administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration. The loan was made pursuant to a PPP Promissory Note and Agreement. Loans obtained through the PPP are eligible to be forgiven as long as the proceeds are used for qualifying purposes and certain other conditions are met. The receipt of these funds, and the forgiveness of the loan was dependent on the Company having initially qualified for the loan and qualifying for the forgiveness of such loan based on its adherence to the forgiveness criteria. In June 2020, Congress passed the Payroll Protection Program Flexibility Act that made several significant changes to PPP loan provisions, including providing greater flexibility for loan forgiveness. On February 10, 2021, the Company received approval from the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) for $0.2 million of PPP loan forgiveness. This amount was recorded as other income-gain on extinguishment of debt in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss during the three months ended February 28, 2021.
|15.||LINES OF CREDIT|
On January 19, 2021, the Company entered into a $5.0 million revolving line of credit with a bank. As of April 12, 2021, the Company had drawn down $1.5 million on the line of credit. The revolving line of credit bears interest at a rate equal to the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate plus 0.50%, subject to a floor of 4.00%. The revolving line of credit is secured by the Company’s accounts receivable and inventory. The line of credit is subject to an unused fee of 0.25% paid once annually. The line of credit expires on January 19, 2024.
On January 19, 2021, the Company entered into a $1.5 million equipment financing line of credit with a bank. As of April 12, 2021, the Company had not drawn down from the line of credit. The line of credit bears interest at a rate equal to the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate plus 0.50%, subject to a floor of 4.00%. The line of credit is secured by the Company’s equipment. The line of credit is subject to an unused fee of 0.25% paid once annually. The line of credit expires on January 19, 2024.
Debt issuance costs related to the line of credit are approximately $0.1 million presented as part of Other Assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and are being amortized over the term of the debt. Amortization of approximately $0.002 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 is included in Interest expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
|16.||STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (DEFICIT)|
Series A Preferred Stock
Effective April 8, 2020, the Company exchanged an aggregate of approximately $7.0 million of all its then-outstanding notes, representing principal and accrued interest through April 7, 2020, for 1,391 shares Series A Preferred Stock. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock were recorded at fair value of $11.6 million (before reduction of $0.029 million related to issue costs) based on a per share fair value of $0.008 million. The per share fair value was determined using the number of common stock shares in a conversion (33,333 = $0.005 million original issue price divided by $0.15 conversion price) multiplied by the $0.25 market price of a share of common stock.
Each share of Series A Preferred Stock has a $0.005 million issue price. Dividends accrue on the issue price at a rate of 10.0% per annum and are payable to holders of Series A Preferred Stock as, when and if declared by the Board. As the Company will likely not pay the dividends in cash, and instead, the unpaid accrued dividends will be settled upon conversion to shares of common stock, the Company will record dividends distributable at the contractual dividend rate upon declaration. The dividends are cumulative and shall accrue starting from the April 8, 2020 issuance date. Dividends distributable of $0.6 million at February 28, 2021, have not yet been declared by the Board.
Each share of Series A Preferred Stock is convertible into the number of shares of common stock equal to the issue price divided by the conversion price of $0.15. Upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock, all accrued and unpaid dividends will be converted to common stock utilizing the same conversion formula. The conversion price is subject to proportional adjustment for certain transactions relating to the Company’s common stock, including stock splits, stock dividends and similar transactions. Holders of Series A Preferred Stock are entitled to a liquidation preference in the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Company. Holders may convert their shares of Series A Preferred Stock into common stock at any time and the Company has the right to cause each holder to convert their shares of Series A Preferred Stock at any time after the eighteen (18) month anniversary of the original issue date if the common stock has traded for more than twenty (20) consecutive trading days above $0.50 (as adjusted for stock splits, stock dividends and similar transactions). Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock are not entitled to vote with the holders of common stock, however, for so long as there are 423 shares of Series A Preferred Stock outstanding, the Company is required to obtain the consent of the holders of the Series A Preferred Stock to take certain corporate actions, including to incur indebtedness in excess of $0.3 million in the aggregate. In addition, the Company agreed to use its reasonable best efforts to register the shares of common stock issuable upon conversion of the Series A Preferred Stock in due course following the Exchange.
During the three months ended February 28, 2021, the Company raised $0.1 million through warrant exercises, where 534,194 warrants were exercised at a contractual price of $0.25 per warrant for 534,194 shares of common stock. During the three months ended February 29, 2020, the Company issued 498,418 warrants to those note holders who returned interest checks and accepted payment in kind of units consisting of convertible notes with a face value of $0.1 million together with 4,000 warrants for every $0.001 million of accrued interest to satisfy approximately $0.1 million of accrued interest that was payable on October 31, 2019. The warrants are each exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.25 per share on or before the 3.8-year anniversary of the issuance. The Company also issued 150,000 warrants as payment to a consultant for marketing services. The warrants are each exercisable for one share of common stock at an exercise price of $0.25 per share on or before the five-year anniversary of the issuance.
The following table summarizes warrant activity, which includes the incentive warrants, during the three months ended February 28, 2021:
|Outstanding at November 30, 2020||5,857,386||0.24|
|Outstanding at February 28, 2021||5,323,192||0.24|
|Exercisable at February 28, 2021||5,323,192||0.24|
The Company has granted stock options and other stock-based awards under its 2017 Stock Option Plan (the “2017 Plan”). The maximum number of shares of common stock which could have been reserved for issuance under the 2017 plan was 18,993,274. The 2017 Plan was administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board. The Compensation Committee determined the persons to whom options to purchase shares of common stock, and other stock-based awards may be granted. Persons eligible to receive awards under the 2017 Plan were employees, officers, directors, and consultants of the Company. Awards were at the discretion of the Compensation Committee. On February 24, 2021 the Company terminated the 2017 Plan and adopted the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (defined below). In connection with the adoption of the 2020 Plan, the Company cancelled outstanding option awards granted under the 2017 Plan and replaced them with new award agreements evidencing an equivalent award under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan with no change to any of the material provisions of the 2017 Plan option.
On October 23, 2020, the Company adopted the Byrna Technologies Inc. 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2020 Equity Incentive Plan”). The aggregate number of shares of common stock available for issuance in connection with options and other awards granted under the 2020 Plan is 25,000,000. The 2020 Plan is administered by the Compensation Committee of the Board. The Compensation Committee determines the persons to whom options to purchase shares of common stock, stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), restricted stock units (“RSUs”), and restricted or unrestricted shares of common stock may be granted. Persons eligible to receive awards under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan are employees, officers, directors, consultants, advisors and other individual service providers of the Company. Awards are at the discretion of the Compensation Committee.
On February 24, 2021, following the termination of the 2017 Plan, the Company replaced outstanding options under the 2017 Plan with options under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan. There were no substantive changes to the rights of any holder of options granted under the 2017 plan by replacing their award certificates with award agreements under the 2020 plan. The grant dates, exercise prices, expiry dates, and vesting provisions if any of the new award agreements under the 2020 plan that replace the certificates issued under the 2017 plan are identical for each grant and no change in valuation or accounting was required. The Board also amended the definition of Disability in the 2020 Plan to provide that “Disability” shall have the meaning assigned to such term in any individual employment agreement or award agreement with a plan participant if such an agreement exists and defines the term and, if no such definition is provided in an award or employment agreement, shall have the meaning assigned to such term in the 2020 Plan. As of February 28, 2021, no new options have been issued under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan.
Restricted Stock Units
At February 28, 2021, the Company has 15,735,000 of RSUs outstanding under the 2020 Equity Incentive Plan. 9,000,000 RSUs were granted to the Chief Executive Officer in August 2020 and have a “double trigger” for vesting based on stock price and time, as follows: (1) one-third of the RSUs will be triggered when the Company’s stock trades above $2.00 on a 20-day volume weighted average closing price (“VWAP”), the second one-third of the RSUs will be triggered when the Company’s stock trades above $3.00 on a 20-day VWAP, and the final one-third of the RSUs will be triggered when the stock trades above $4.00 on a 20-day VWAP and (2) the employee must remain employed by the Company for three years from the effective date for the RSUs to vest. 6,735,000 RSUs were issued to employees during the year ended November 30, 2020 and have a “double trigger” for vesting based on stock price and time, as follows: (1) one-third of the RSUs are not subject to any performance trigger, the second one-third of the RSUs will be triggered when the Company’s stock trades above $3.00 on a 20-day VWAP, and the final one-third of the RSUs will be triggered when the stock trades above $4.00 on a 20-day VWAP and (2) the employee must remain employed by the Company for three years from the effective date for the RSUs to vest.
Stock-based compensation expense for the RSUs for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020 was $0.6 million and $0, respectively.
The following table summarizes the RSU activity during the three months ended February 28, 2021:
|Outstanding, November 30, 2020||15,735,000||1.55|
|Outstanding, February 28, 2021||15,735,000||1.55|
|Exercisable, February 28, 2021||—||—|
The Company accounts for all stock-based payment awards granted to employees and non-employees as stock-based compensation expense at their grant date fair value. The Company’s stock-based payments include stock options, restricted stock units, and incentive warrants. The measurement date for employee awards is the date of grant, and stock-based compensation costs are recognized as expense over the employees’ requisite service period, on a straight-line basis. The measurement date for non-employee awards is generally the date the services were completed, resulting in financial reporting period adjustments to stock-based compensation during either the expected term or the contractual term. Stock-based compensation costs for non-employees are recognized as expense over the vesting period on a straight-line basis. Forfeitures are accounted for as they occur.
The fair value of each stock option grant is estimated on the date of grant by using either the Black-Scholes, Binomial Lattice, or the quoted stock price on the date of grant, unless the awards are subject to market conditions in which case we use the Monte Carlo simulation model. Due to the Company’s limited history, the expected term of the Company’s stock options granted to employees has been determined utilizing the method as prescribed by the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin, Topic 14. The Company has elected to use the expected term for stock options granted to non-employees as the contractual term of the options. The risk-free interest rate is determined by reference to the US Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant of the award for time periods approximately equal to the expected term of the award. Expected dividend yield is based on the fact that the Company has never paid cash dividends on common stock and does not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.
During the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, the Company granted options to employees and directors to purchase 120,000 and 3,917,500 shares of common stock, respectively. The options issued during the three months ended February 28, 2021 vest over three years. The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense for options granted to its employees and directors of $0.1 million and $0.6 million during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
During the three months ended February 28, 2021, 162,500 stock options were forfeited resulting in net benefit of stock-based compensation of approximately $28,000.
During the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, the Company granted options to purchase 0 and 110,000, shares of common stock to non-employee contractors, respectively. The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense for options granted to non-employees of approximately $18,000 and approximately $19,000 during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
Stock Option Valuation
The assumptions that the Company used to determine the grant-date fair value of stock options granted to employees and non-employees for the three months ended February 28, 2021 were as follows:
Employee and Director (Black-Scholes option pricing model)
|Risk free rate||0.39||%|
|Expected life||3.5 years|
|Market price of the Company’s common stock on date of grant||$||1.64|
|The following table summarizes option activity under the 2017 and 2020 Plan during the three months ended February 28, 2021:|
Exercise Price Per Stock
|Outstanding, November 30, 2020 (1)||7,059,667||0.24||0.31|
|Outstanding, February 28, 2021 (2)||6,870,500||0.21||0.27|
|Exercisable, February 28, 2021 (2)||4,870,500||0.24||0.31|
|(1)||As of November 30, 2020 all options were governed by the 2017 Plan.|
|(2)||As of February 28, 2021 all options were governed by the 2020 Plan.|
During the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, the Company issued 0 and 150,000 of warrants in exchange for services to a marketing consultant to purchase common shares, respectively. The warrants were issued outside of the 2017 Plan and were not included under the 2020 Plan. Stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020 was $0 and approximately $15,000, respectively.
Stock-Based Compensation Expense
Total stock-based compensation expense was $0.7 million and $0.6 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively. Total stock-based compensation expense was recorded in Operating expenses in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss.
|18.||LOSS PER SHARE|
The Company’s potential dilutive securities, which include Series A Preferred stock, stock options, and outstanding warrants to purchase shares of common stock, have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share as the effect would be to reduce the net loss per share. Therefore, the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders is the same. The following potential common shares, presented based on amounts outstanding at each period end, were excluded from the calculation of diluted net loss per share attributable to common stockholders for the periods indicated because including them would have had an anti-dilutive effect:
|For the Three Months Ended|
|February 28, 2021||February 29, 2020|
|Series A Preferred Stock||46,366,490||—|
|19.||RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS|
The following transactions are in the normal course of operations and are measured at the amount of consideration established and agreed to by related parties. Amounts due to related parties are unsecured, non-interest bearing with the exception of notes payable, and due on demand.
The Company expensed $0.1 million and approximately $6,000 for royalties due to Andre Buys (“Buys”), the Company’s Chief Technology Officer (“CTO”) during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively and had accrued royalties of $0.1 million and $0.3 million as of February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, respectively. The Company also recorded stock-based compensation expense of approximately $4,000 during each of the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, related to stock options granted to Buys in 2018 to acquire 1,500,000 shares of common stock.
The Company issued 3,866,810 shares of common stock with a value of $0.7 million in connection with the Second Payment to Buys for the portfolio of registered patent rights (the “Buys Portfolio”) during the three months ended February 29, 2020. See Note 12, “Patent Rights,” for additional information.
The Company leased office premises at Wakefield, Massachusetts for rent, utilities and maintenance charge of approximately $2,000 per month from a corporation owned and controlled by Bryan Ganz (“Ganz”), President and, effective April 1, 2019, Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) of the Company. This lease was terminated June 30, 2020. The Company expensed $0 and approximately $8,000 for these items during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
The Company has operating leases for real estate in the United States and South Africa and does not have any finance leases.
In 2019, the Company had entered into a real estate lease for office space in Wilmington/Andover, Massachusetts. The Company was involved in the construction and design of the space and incurred construction costs, subject to an allowance for tenant improvements of $0.2 million. The lease expiration date is August 31, 2026. The base rent is $0.1 million per year, subject to an annual upward adjustment. The lease commencement date, for accounting purposes, was reached in June 2020 when the Company was granted access to the premises and therefore the lease is included in the Company’s operating lease right-of-use asset and operating lease liabilities as of June 2020.
The Company leased office and warehouse space in South Africa under a lease that expired on November 30, 2020. The base rent was approximately $3,700 per month. In December 2020, the Company entered into a new lease for office and warehouse space. The lease expires in November 2024. The base rent during the three months ended February 28, 2021 was approximately $4,600 per month.
The Company leased real estate in Fort Wayne Indiana. The lease expires on February 28, 2022. In February 2021, the Company entered into a lease termination agreement with the landlord. Upon termination, the Company was required to pay a termination fee of approximately $27,000. The Company leases warehouse and manufacturing space in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The lease expires on July 31, 2025. The base rent is approximately $8,000 per month. The Company also leases office space in Las Vegas, Nevada. The lease expires on August 31, 2022. The base rent is approximately $4,000 per month.
Certain of the Company’s leases contain options to renew and extend lease terms and options to terminate leases early. Reflected in the right-of-use asset and lease liability on the Company’s balance sheets are the periods provided by renewal and extension options that the Company is reasonably certain to exercise, as well as the periods provided by termination options that the Company is reasonably certain to not exercise.
As of February 28, 2021 and November 30, 2020, right-of-use assets of $1.3 million and $1.2 million, current lease liabilities of $0.2 million and $0.3 million and non-current lease liabilities of $1.0 million and $0.8 million, respectively, are reflected in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The elements of lease expense were as follows (in thousands):
|Three Months Ended|
|February 28, 2021|
February 29, 2020
|Operating lease cost||$||92||$||12|
|Short-term lease cost||5||5|
|Variable lease cost||—||5|
|Total lease cost||$||97||$||22|
|Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of operating lease liabilities||$||86||$||12|
|Operating lease liabilities arising from obtaining right-of-use assets||$||182||$||4|
|Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)||4.9 years||1.9 years|
|Weighted-average discount rate||9.2||%||8.8||%|
|Future lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases as of February 28, 2021 are as follows (in thousands):|
|Fiscal Year Ended November 30,|
|2021 (nine months)||$||227|
|Total lease payments||1,445|
|Less: imputed interest||281|
|Total lease liabilities||$||1,164|
During the quarter ended February 28, 2021, the Company entered into an equipment lease as lessor. The lease is being accounted for as a sale-type lease. The term of the lease is 3 years. For a sales-type lease, the carrying amount of the asset is derecognized from property and equipment and a net investment in the lease is recorded. The net investment in the lease is measured at commencement date as the sum of the lease receivable and the estimated residual value of the equipment. The unguaranteed residual value of the equipment is determined as the estimated carrying value of the asset at the end of the lease term had the asset been depreciated on a straight-line basis. Selling profit or loss arising from a sales-type lease is recorded at lease commencement and presented on a gross basis. Over the term of the lease, the Company recognizes interest income on the net investment in the lease. At lease commencement, the Company determined the unguaranteed residual value of the equipment was $0 and the selling profit or loss was immaterial.
The receivable recorded as a result of the lease is collateralized by the underlying equipment and consist of the following components at February 28, 2021 (in thousands):
|Net minimum lease payments to be received||$||122|
|Less: unearned interest income portion||16|
|Net investment in sales-type leases, current||106|
|Less: current portion||39|
|Net investment in sales-type leases, non-current||$||67|
The maturity schedule of future minimum lease payments under sales-type leases and the reconciliation to the net investment in sales-type leases reported at February 28, 2021 was as follows (in thousands):
|Fiscal Year Ended November 30,|
|2021 (nine months)||$||36|
|Total future minimum sales-type lease payments||122|
|Less: unearned income||16|
|Total net investment in sales-type leases||$||106|
|21.||COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES|
Pursuant to the amended agreement related to the Final Payment to Buys for the Buys Portfolio, the Company is committed to a minimum royalty payment of $25,000 per year. Royalties on CO2 pistols are to be paid for so long as patents remain effective beginning at 2 ½% of the agreed upon a net price of $167.60 (“Stipulated Net Price”) for the first year and reduced by .1% each year thereafter until it reaches 1%. For each substantially new product in this category, the rate will begin again at 2 ½%. Royalties on the fintail projectiles (and any improved versions thereof) will be paid so long as patents remain effective at a rate of 4% of the agreed upon Stipulated Net Price for fintail projectile products.
COVID-19 Pandemic and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act
On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (“WHO”) announced a global health emergency because of a new strain of coronavirus originating in Wuhan, China (the “COVID-19 outbreak”) and the risks to the international community as the virus spreads globally beyond its point of origin. In March 2020, the WHO classified the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic, based on the rapid increase in exposure globally.
The full impact of the COVID-19 outbreak continues to evolve as of the date of this report. As such, it is uncertain as to the full magnitude that the pandemic may have on the Company’s financial condition, liquidity, and future results of operations. Management is actively monitoring the impact of the global situation on its financial condition, liquidity, operations, suppliers, industry, and workforce. Given the daily evolution of the COVID-19 outbreak and the global responses to curb its spread, the Company is not able to estimate the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on its results of operations, financial condition, or liquidity for fiscal year 2021.
The Company faces various risks related to COVID-19 outbreak. The Company is dependent on its workforce to deliver its products. If significant portions of the Company’s workforce are unable to work effectively, or if customers’ operations are curtailed due to illness, quarantines, government actions, facility closures, or other restrictions in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company’s operations will likely be impacted. The Company may be unable to perform fully on its contracts and costs may increase as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak. These cost increases may not be fully recoverable or adequately covered by insurance. Since the COVID-19 outbreak began, no facilities have been fully shut down. Certain of the Company’s vendors may be unable to deliver materials on time due to the COVID-19 outbreak. Such delays may negatively impact the Company’s production, and the Company plans to continue to monitor these and its other vendors and, if necessary, seek alternative suppliers.
On March 27, 2020, then President Trump signed into law the CARES Act. The CARES Act, among other things, includes provisions relating to refundable payroll tax credits, deferment of employer side social security payments, net operating loss carryback periods, alternative minimum tax credit refunds, modifications to the net interest deduction limitations, increased limitations on qualified charitable contributions, and technical corrections to tax depreciation methods for qualified improvement property. The CARES Act also appropriated funds for the Small Business Administration (SBA) Paycheck Protection Program loans that are forgivable in certain situations to promote continued employment, as well as Economic Injury Disaster Loans to provide liquidity to small businesses harmed by COVID-19.
In February 2021, the Company identified certain Byrna® HD launchers that may contain a wire that is not to specification and, as a result, the Company accrued a $0.2 million reserve for the possible costs related to updating affected launchers. The Company has been communicating with customers to notify them of the availability of the update.
In the ordinary course of our business, the Company may be subject to certain other legal actions and claims, including product liability, consumer, commercial, tax and governmental matters, which may arise from time to time. The Company does not believe it is currently a party to any pending legal proceedings. Notwithstanding, legal proceedings are subject-to inherent uncertainties, and an unfavorable outcome could include monetary damages, and excessive verdicts can result from litigation, and as such, could result in a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations, and/or cash flows. Additionally, although the Company has specific insurance for certain potential risks, the Company may in the future incur judgments or enter into settlements of claims which may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations, and/or cash flows.
|22.||EXCLUSIVE SUPPLY AND PURCHASE AGREEMENTS|
The Company entered into a Development, Supply and Manufacturing Agreement with the BIP manufacturer on August 1, 2017. This agreement requires the Company to order and purchase only from the BIP manufacturer certain BIP assemblies and components for use by the Company to produce less-lethal and training projectiles as described in the agreement. The agreement is for a term of four years with an automatic extension for additional one-year terms if neither party has given written notice of termination at least 60 days prior to the end of the then-current term. The agreement does not contain any minimum purchase commitments. Purchases from the BIP manufacturer were $0 and $1,131 for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
|23.||SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISCLOSURES|
The CEO, who is also the Chief Operating Decision Maker, evaluates the business as a single entity, which includes reviewing financial information and making business decisions based on the overall results of the business. As such, the Company’s operations constitute a single operating segment and one reportable segment.
The tables below summarize the Company’s revenue for the three ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively, by geographic region (in thousands).
|Three Months Ended||US||Africa||Total|
|February 28, 2021||$||8,457||$||436||$||8,893|
|February 29, 2020||244||(95||)||149|
The Company is exposed to risks that arise from its use of financial instruments. This note describes the Company’s objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks and the methods used to measure them.
i) Currency Risk
The Company held its cash balances within banks in Canada in both U.S. dollars and Canadian dollars, with banks in the U.S. in U.S. dollars, and with banks in South Africa in U.S. dollars and South African rand. The Company’s operations are conducted in the U.S. and South Africa. The value of the South African rand against the U.S. dollar may fluctuate with the changes in economic conditions.
During the three months ended February 28, 2021, in comparison to the prior year period, the U.S. dollar strengthened in relation to the South African rand, and upon the translation of the Company’s subsidiaries’ revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities held in South African rand, respectively. As a result, the Company recorded a translation adjustment gain/(loss) of $58 and ($37) primarily related to the South African rand during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively.
The Company’s South African subsidiary revenues, cost of goods sold, operating costs and capital expenditures are denominated in South African rand. Consequently, fluctuations in the U.S. dollar exchange rate against the South African rand increases the volatility of sales, cost of goods sold and operating costs and overall net earnings when translated into U.S. dollars. The Company is not using any forward or option contracts to fix the foreign exchange rates. Using a 10% fluctuation in the U.S. exchange rate, the impact on the loss and stockholders’ equity (deficit) is not material.
ii) Credit Risk
Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss for the other party by failing to discharge an obligation. The financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist of cash and accounts receivable. The Company maintains cash with high credit quality financial institutions located in the U.S. and South Africa. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalent balances with financial institutions in the U.S. in excess of amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
The Company provides credit to its customers in the normal course of its operations. It carries out, on a continuing basis, credit checks on its customers.
On October 6, 2020, as disclosed in the Company’s Proxy Statement for the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (filed with the SEC on November 13, 2020), the Board approved an amendment to the Certificate of Incorporation (the “Amendment”) effecting a reverse stock split of the issued shares of Common Stock, at a ratio in the range from 1-for-5 to 1-for-15 (the “Reverse Split”), with such ratio to be determined in the discretion of the Board and with such reverse stock split to be effected at such time and date as determined by the Board in its sole discretion. Subsequently, the stockholders of the Company approved the Amendment and the Reverse Split at the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, held on November 19, 2020. On February 24, 2021, the Board of Directors approved a reverse split ratio of 1-for-10, with the time of the split to be effected at such time and date as determined by the Board.
On April 9, 2021, the Board of Directors of the Company has declared a cash dividend on shares of the Company’s Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series A Shares”), with a record date of April 9, 2021, in an amount equal to $750 per Series A Share, which amount is equal to (a) the dividend that has accrued on the Series A Shares through April 8, 2021 ($500 per Series A Share), plus (b) the dividend that would accrue from and including April 9, 2021 and the mandatory conversion date as provided in the Certificate of Designation ($250 per Series A Share) (collectively, the “Dividend”). The Dividend was declared in connection with the contemplated early conversion of the Series A Shares and in satisfaction of the accrued and unpaid dividends on the Series A Shares, along with an additional amount that would have otherwise accrued if the Series A Shares were not early converted.
|ITEM 2.||Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations|
References in this report (the “Quarterly Report”) to “we,” “us” or the “Company” refer to Byrna Technologies Inc. References to our “management” or our “management team” refer to our officers and directors. The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and the notes thereto contained elsewhere in this Quarterly Report. Certain information contained in the discussion and analysis set forth below includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) and Section 21E of the Exchange Act that are not historical facts and involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expected and projected. All statements, other than statements of historical fact included in this Form 10-Q including, without limitation, statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” regarding the Company’s financial position, business strategy and the plans and objectives of management for future operations, are forward-looking statements. Words such as “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “estimate,” “seek” and variations and similar words and expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements relate to future events or future performance, but reflect management’s current beliefs, based on information currently available. A number of factors could cause actual events, performance or results to differ materially from the events, performance and results discussed in the forward-looking statements. For information identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements, please refer to the Risk Factors section of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The Company’s securities filings can be accessed on the EDGAR section of the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Except as expressly required by applicable securities law, the Company disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, including but not limited to the potential global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, our ability to design, introduce and sell new products, services and features, the impact of any regulatory proceedings or litigation, our ability to protect our intellectual property and compete with existing and new products, the impact of stock compensation expense, dividends, warrant exercises and related accounting, impairment expense and income tax expense on our financial results, our ability to manage our supply chain and avoid production delays, shortages or other factors, including product mix, cost of parts and materials and cost of labor that may impact our gross margins, our ability to retain and incentivize key management personnel, product defects, the success of our entry to new markets, customer purchase behavior and negative media publicity or public perception of our Company or products, loss of customer data, breach of security or an extended outage related to our e-commerce store, including a breach or outage by our third party cloud based storage providers, exposure to international operational risks, delayed cash collections or bad debt, determinations or audits by taxing authorities, changes in government regulations, the impact of existing or future regulation by the BATF, import and export regulators, or other federal or state authority, or changes in international law in key jurisdictions including South Africa or our inability to obtain needed exemptions from such existing or future regulation.
The following discussion and analysis is intended to help you understand us, our operations and our financial performance. It should be read in conjunction with our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying notes, which are included in Item 1 of this report.
We are a less-lethal defense technology company, specializing in innovative next generation solutions for security situations that do not require the use of lethal force. Our mantra is “Live Safe,” and our core mission is to empower people to actively embrace life. We fulfill our mission by developing easy to use self-defense tools that allow people to live safely and by developing non-lethal alternatives to firearms and lethal munitions for law enforcement that can put a stop to unnecessary loss of human lives and facilitate trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve. We have two main product lines: (i) our Byrna® line of handheld personal security devices for use by civilians and private security without the need for a background check or firearms license and (ii) our legacy less-lethal SDI® branded munitions line for 40MM rifled launchers utilized by law enforcement, correctional services and military markets.
Our primary focus is our Byrna line of products, launched in 2019, which we sell directly to U.S. consumers through our Byrna® e-commerce site, as well as to dealers and distributors primarily in the United States and South Africa. The core product in the Byrna line is the Byrna HD, a compact, ergonomically designed, handheld personal security device with the size and form factor of a compact handgun. It is easy to use, has virtually no recoil, and is designed to fire accurately with an effective range of 60 feet. The Byrna HD utilizes several of our proprietary patents and more than 60 custom designed parts. It comes with multiple easily reloadable magazines that can hold five .68 caliber rounds, including highly effective chemical irritant projectiles designed to burn an assailant’s eyes and affect the respiratory system upon contact, impact projectiles that can be used for self-defense or training, and inert rounds for training. The Byrna HD is fitted with a picatinny rail that allows owners to mount accessories, including laser sights and or flashlights, so that even novices can fire with a high degree of accuracy. It is designed to provide a less-lethal and highly effective alternative to a firearm, effective at a much safer stand-off distance than pepper spray or stun guns. A kinetic version of our base Byrna HD kit, which does not come with chemical irritant projectiles, is available for self-defense in states and municipalities that prohibit chemical irritant projectiles.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Our results for the quarter underscore the increasing demand for our products generally and for our Byrna HD personal security device in particular. They also illustrate, however, how our business has been and is continuing to be impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Ongoing Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic
The continuing COVID-19 pandemic, restrictions intended to prevent and mitigate its spread, challenges related to vaccination rollout, and new variants of the virus have impacted, and are expected to continue to impact our business in ways and to a degree we cannot predict. During the quarter ended February 28, 2021 we had to temporarily close production facilities and distribution facilities on several occasions due to outbreaks of illness and special cleaning. Safety protocols for our workers, illnesses, and quarantines have reduced the workforce at times, slowed down optimal production and increased costs including costs of testing and PPE. Our employees in South Africa have been subject to government imposed curfews and our employees in Massachusetts to orders limiting the number of people that can occupy the workplace, necessitating staggered schedules and remote work that can complicate job performance and slow our management and administrative processes in ways we have not quantified beyond the direct costs associated with PPE and safety and cleaning expenses. Currently, many of our employees have been working remotely for an extended period of time. An extended period of remote work arrangements could strain our business continuity plans, increase operational risk, including but not limited to cybersecurity risks, and impair our ability to manage our business. Remote work conditions, including challenges in coordinating with third parties and lack of access to certain records and documents, has caused administrative issues in prior periods and could in the cause similar or new issues. These types of events could impact our financial results as well as our ability to make timely filings. Additionally, the pandemic and related air freight constrictions have delayed certain deliveries of parts and materials and exacerbated the limited availability of plastic and other components of our products which cause price pressures as well as potentially impair our ability to meet production demand and shipping challenges. Continuation of these shortages and restrictions may raise costs and delay production if our supply chain management is not adequate to maintain needed production and could affect consumer sentiment about our Company as well as our financial results. Flaws in the vaccination rollout or vaccine resistant variants may extend or expand the risks to our business presented by the pandemic.
In addition to the impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic has had and may continue to have on our operations and administrative functions and those of our third-party suppliers and manufacturers, the demands the pandemic is placing on government agencies, law enforcement and potentially military organizations may impact the ability of customers and potential customers to purchase our current products or new products targeted for such sectors. Similarly, the overall economic downturn, loss of jobs, loss of savings, and loss of disposable income and liquidity on the part of consumers could adversely affect the market for our Byrna® HD and other consumer directed products we may introduce. Moreover, policies instituted to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 may impact or interrupt components and products moving through our supply chain. If facilities close or produce low volume due to COVID-19, we may have difficulty sourcing supplies for existing or new products to sell in the future and may incur additional costs and lost revenue. While we have managed these risks during the quarter ended February 28, 2021 without a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows, there is no assurance we will continue to be able to do so.
Three months ended February 28, 2021 as compared to three months ended February 29, 2020:
Revenues were $8.9 million in the first quarter of 2021 which represents an increase of $8.7 million as compared to the prior year period revenues of $0.1 million. This increase was due to sales of the Byrna® HD and driven by a growing market awareness of the product.
Cost of Goods Sold
Cost of goods sold was $4.2 million in the first quarter of 2021 compared to $0.2 million in the prior year period. This $4.0 million increase is primarily due to the increase in related sales volume and also to the costs associated with the manufacture and corresponding sales of the Byrna® HD and related products.
Gross profit is calculated as total revenue less cost of goods sold and gross margin is calculated as gross profit divided by total revenue. Included as cost of goods sold are costs associated with the production and procurement of products, such as labor and overhead, inbound freight costs, manufacturing depreciation, purchasing and receiving costs, inspection costs and the shipping and handling costs. Gross profit was $4.7 million in the first quarter of 2021, or 53% of net revenue as compared to negative gross margin of approximately $29,000, or 20% of net revenue in the prior year period. The increase in gross profit is due to the increase in sales volume of Byrna® HD products.
Operating Expenses/Loss from Operations
Operating expenses were $5.2 million in the first quarter of 2021, which represents an increase of $3.6 million as compared to the prior year period operating expenses of $1.6 million. This increase was driven by the rapid growth in revenue and the sales, general and administrative structure necessary to manage it including: approximately $1.6 million increase in payroll and related expenses related to the ramp up of infrastructure and Byrna® HD production, approximately $0.4 million freight, approximately $0.3 million insurance, approximately $0.2 million in professional fees, approximately $0.2 million of bank fees related to sales transaction processing, approximately $0.1 million increase in accounting and auditing fees and approximately $0.1 million increase in marketing expenses related to the Byrna® HD products.
Accretion of Debt Discounts and Interest Expense
Accretion of debt discounts decreased $0.5 million in the first quarter of 2021 to $0 from $0.5 million in the prior year period. These decreases resulted from the exchange in April 2020, resulting in the write-off of all unamortized debt discounts and a decrease in interest expense. We no longer have any outstanding notes payable.
Income on Extinguishment of Debt
Income on extinguishment of debt was $0.2 million and $0 during the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020, respectively and relates to the forgiveness of the $0.2 million of funding under the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”). See Note 14, “Notes Payable,” in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 1 of this report for further discussion.
Income Tax Provision
Our effective income tax rate for continuing operations for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020 was 0%. The Company’s tax rate differs from the statutory rate of 21.0% due to the effects of state taxes net of federal benefit, the foreign tax rate differential as a result of Byrna South Africa, effects of permanent non-deductible expenses, the recording of a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets generated in the current period, and other effects.
We are subject to income tax in the US, as well as various state and international jurisdictions. The federal and state tax authorities can generally reduce a net operating loss (but not create taxable income) for a period outside the statute of limitations in order to determine the correct amount of net operating loss which may be allowed as a deduction against income for a period within the statute of limitations. Additional information regarding the statutes of limitations can be found in Note 19, “Income Taxes,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended November 30, 2020.
On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the $2 trillion bipartisan Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act. The CARES Act includes a variety of economic and tax relief measures intended to stimulate the economy, including loans for small businesses, payroll tax credits/deferrals, and corporate income tax relief. Due to the Company’s history of net operating losses and full valuation allowance, the CARES Act did not have a significant effect to the income tax provision, as the corporate income tax relief was directed towards cash taxpayers.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Cash Flow Summary
Cash and restricted cash as of February 28, 2021 was $4.2 million, a decrease of $5.4 million from the amount as of November 30, 2020 of $9.7 million. Approximately $2.2 million of the cash on hand at February 28, 2021 was restricted due to holds placed on its use by the Company’s merchant services vendor pending fulfillment of backorders prepaid by credit cards.
The Company has incurred a cumulative loss of approximately $50.5 million from inception through February 28, 2021. The Company had funded operations through the issuance of common stock, warrants, and convertible notes payable. It still is expected to incur significant losses before the Company’s revenues sustains its operations. The Company’s future success is dependent upon its ability to raise sufficient capital or generate adequate revenue, to cover its ongoing operating expenses, and also to continue to develop and be able to profitably market its products.
Cash used in operating activities was $5.4 million during the three months ended February 28, 2021 compared to $0.7 million during the prior year period. Net loss was $0.3 million and $2.3 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and February 29, 2020. Significant changes in noncash and working capital activity, are as follows:
Our non-cash activity primarily consisted of $0.7 million stock-based compensation during the three months ended February 28, 2021 as compared to $0.6 million in the prior year period, $0.2 million of forgiveness of the PPP loan for the three months ended February 28, 2021 and approximately $88,000 of depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended February 28, 2021 as compared to approximately $38,000 for the three months ended February 29, 2020.
Accounts receivable decreased $0.5 million to $0.3 million during the three months ended February 28, 2021, compared to $0.8 million. The fiscal 2021 accounts receivable decrease relates to additional Byrna® HD dealers paying via credit card.
Deferred revenue decreased $3.7 million during the three months ended February 28, 2021 to $1.2 million as the Company fulfilled backlogged e-commerce order.
Inventory increased $2.8 million to $7.6 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 compared to $4.8 million in the prior year period. The levels of component inventory maintained were increased during the current year period to fulfill orders of the Byrna® HD and seek to ensure adequate parts inventory to meet increasing sales projections of the new product and to seek to ensure that inventory of custom-made parts and those with long lead times are adequate.
Prepaid expenses and other current assets decreased $0.6 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 to $0.8 million due to advance payment of inventories included in the $1.4 million balance for the three months ended February 29, 2020.
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities increased $1.1 million for the three months ended February 28, 2021 as compared to the prior year period due to production of Byrna® HD and increased activity in South Africa as well as maintaining legal and regulatory infrastructure led to higher payables to component suppliers, outside attorneys and accountants.
Cash used in investing activities was approximately $25,000 in the first quarter of 2021 as compared to approximately $44,000 in the prior year period. We currently expect that capital expenditures for 2021 will be approximately $2.1 million.
Cash provided by financing activities was $0.1 million during the three months ended February 28, 2021 as compared to cash provided by financing activities of $0 in the prior year period, and included $0.1 million proceeds from warrant exercises, offset by approximately $55,000 debt issuance costs.
The Company was not subject to any financial or non-financial covenants under its financing arrangements as of February 28, 2021.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future effect on its financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
See Note 5, “Recent Accounting Guidance,” in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 1 of this report for a discussion of recently issued and adopted accounting standards.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
The Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are based on the selection and application of significant accounting policies, which require management to make significant estimates and assumptions. Our significant accounting policies are outlined in Note 4, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended November 30, 2020. During the three months ended February 28, 2021, there were no significant changes to the Company’s critical accounting policies from those described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended November 30, 2020.
|ITEM 3.||QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK|
|ITEM 4.||CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES|
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The significant growth of the Company’s transactional volumes, geographical footprint, headcount, and process complexity during the year created the need for a more formal structure of internal control processes. To address this, during the fourth quarter of 2020, under the direction of the CFO and with the assistance of a third-party consultant, management began a systematic risk assessment to define a comprehensive list of key control requirements. Assessment of the status of each of the newly defined control requirements and remediation of deficiencies began in October of 2020 but was not complete as of February 28, 2021.
In its assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were as of February 28, 2021, Management concluded that the project to systematically address key control requirements was incomplete and therefore could not be relied upon. Moreover, management’s assessment concluded that general information technology controls over the Company’s information systems managed by third-party providers were deficient and not adequate to prevent or detect material misstatements in the Company’s financial reporting. Therefore, material weaknesses in the design and operating effectiveness of the internal control over information technology systems continue to exist. For these reasons, management has concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of February 28, 2021.
Management anticipates it will remediate the material weakness by following through with the systematic key control implementation plan to complete during fiscal year 2021.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
|ITEM 1.||LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.|
To the knowledge of our management, there is no litigation currently pending against us, any of our officers or directors in their capacity as such or against any of our property.
|ITEM 1A.||RISK FACTORS.|
Factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in this report include the risk factors described in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended November 30, 2020 filed with the SEC on February 26, 2021. As of the date of this Report, there have been no material changes to the risk factors disclosed in our Annual Report filed with the SEC.
|ITEM 2.||UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS.|
|ITEM 3.||DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES.|
|ITEM 4.||MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES.|
|ITEM 5.||OTHER INFORMATION.|
The following exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
|No.||Description of Exhibit|
|31.1*||Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002|
|31.2*||Certification of Principal Financial and Accounting Officer Pursuant to Securities Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a) and 15(d)-14(a), as adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002|
|32.1*||Certification of Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial and Accounting Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002|
|101.INS**||XBRL Instance Document|
|101.CAL**||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document|
|101.SCH**||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document|
|101.DEF**||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document|
|101.LAB**||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels Linkbase Document|
|101.PRE**||XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document|
Pursuant to the requirements of Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|Byrna Technologies Inc.|
|Date: April 12, 2021||/s/ Bryan Ganz|
|Title:||Chief Executive Officer, President and Director|
|(Principal Executive Officer)|
|Date: April 12, 2021||/s/ David North|
|Title:||Chief Financial Officer|
|(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)|