Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Note 23 - Financial Instruments

Note 23 - Financial Instruments
9 Months Ended
Aug. 31, 2022
Notes to Financial Statements  
Financial Instruments Disclosure [Text Block]




The Company is exposed to risks that arise from its use of financial instruments. This note describes the Company’s objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks and the methods used to measure them.




Currency Risk

The Company held its cash balances within banks in the U.S. in U.S. dollars and with banks in South Africa in U.S. dollars and South African rand. The Company’s operations are conducted in the U.S. and South Africa. The value of the South African rand against the U.S. dollar may fluctuate with changes in economic conditions.


During the three and nine months ended August 31, 2022, in comparison to the prior year period, the U.S. dollar was weaker in relation to the South African rand, and upon the translation of the Company’s subsidiaries’ revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities held in South African rand, respectively. As a result, the Company recorded a translation adjustment loss of $0.6 million and $0.06 million related to the South African rand during the three months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company recorded a translation adjustment loss of $0.6 million and translation adjustment gain of $0.1 million during the nine months ended August 31, 2022 and 2021.


The Company’s South African subsidiary revenues, cost of goods sold, operating costs and capital expenditures are denominated in South African rand. Consequently, fluctuations in the U.S. dollar exchange rate against the South African rand increases the volatility of sales, cost of goods sold and operating costs and overall net earnings when translated into U.S. dollars. The Company is not using any forward or option contracts to fix the foreign exchange rates. Using a 10% fluctuation in the U.S. exchange rate, the impact on the loss and stockholders’ equity (deficit) is not material.




Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss for the other party by failing to discharge an obligation. The financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist of cash, cash equivalents, and accounts receivable. The Company maintains cash with high credit quality financial institutions located in the U.S. and South Africa. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalent balances with financial institutions in the U.S. in excess of amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.


The Company provides credit to its customers in the normal course of its operations. It carries out, on a continuing basis, credit checks on its customers.