Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Note 23 - Financial Instruments

Note 23 - Financial Instruments
12 Months Ended
Nov. 30, 2021
Notes to Financial Statements  
Financial Instruments Disclosure [Text Block]




The Company is exposed to risks that arise from its use of financial instruments. This note describes the Company’s objectives, policies and processes for managing those risks and the methods used to measure them.




Currency Risk


The Company held its cash balances within banks in the US in US dollars and with banks in South Africa in US dollars and South African rand. The Company’s operations are conducted in the US and South Africa. The value of the South African rand against the US dollar may fluctuate with the changes in economic conditions.


During the year ended November 30, 2021, in comparison to the prior year period, the US dollar weakened in relation to the South African rand, and upon the translation of the Company’s subsidiaries’ revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities held in South African rand, respectively. As a result, the Company recorded a translation adjustment loss of $0.04 million and a gain of $0.07 million primarily related to the South African rand during the years ended November 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.


The Company’s South African subsidiary revenues, cost of goods sold, operating costs and capital expenditures are denominated in South African rand. Consequently, fluctuations in the US dollar exchange rate against the South African rand increases the volatility of sales, cost of goods sold and operating costs and overall net earnings when translated into US dollars. The Company is not using any forward or option contracts to fix the foreign exchange rates. Using a 10% fluctuation in the US exchange rate, the impact on the loss and stockholders’ equity (deficit) is not material. 




Credit Risk


Credit risk is the risk that one party to a financial instrument will cause a financial loss for the other party by failing to discharge an obligation. The financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist of cash and accounts receivable. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalents with high credit quality financial institutions located in the US and South Africa. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalent balances with financial institutions in the US in excess of amounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.


The Company provides credit to its customers in the normal course of its operations. It carries out, on a continuing basis, credit checks on its customers.